A solar panel inverter is the device that converts the DC power into AC power that we use in our everyday appliances. You may wonder if they are mandatory in solar cells. If so, let’s discuss the role of an inverter.
What is a solar panel inverter?
It is a device that converts DC electricity into AC electricity. It does this by using a transformer, which is a device that increases or decreases the voltage of an electrical current. The transformer in an inverter increases the voltage of the DC electricity from the solar cells to the level of the AC electricity used in homes and businesses.
The inverters are one of the most important components in solar cells. It’s what turns the solar panels’ direct current (DC) output into alternating current (AC) power for usage on the grid. Household appliances, whether AC or DC, require power to function. You can skip the inverter aspect of the solar PV system if you solely use solar power for home appliances that require DC power.
Solar cells only generate DC electricity. DC voltage values of 12, 24, and 48 volts are the most prevalent. Solar panels will continue to operate without an inverter if you have DC-powered home appliances.
A solar panel inverter also guards against electrical risks and helps avoid damage from overloads and short circuits. If too much current runs through the system, solar panel inverters will shut down automatically until the situation is resolved. Installing a grid-connected solar power system protects your property from fires and other electrical problems because of this functionality.
There are two main types of inverters: grid-tie and off-grid inverters.
Grid-tie are connected to the electrical grid. They allow homeowners to use solar power to offset their electricity bills. When the solar panel system generates more electricity than the home uses, the excess electricity is sent back to the grid. When the solar panels are not generating enough electricity, the house draws electricity from the grid.
Off-grid are not connected to the electrical grid. They store the electricity generated by the solar panels in batteries. This allows homeowners to use solar power even when the sun is not shining.
Solar panels can function without a solar panel inverters. Because the panels produce DC solar energy, items that require AC may be incompatible. However, this can lead to damage to equipment and other components. That is why inverters are still very much present in AC solar cells. When buying a solar panel system for your house or company, ensure it is complete.
Original content from Greener Ideal
Universal Kraft combines different solar energy technologies, in a way to find the best solutions to each area, in land or on water. We develop installations for local energy production, minimizing grid constraints with decentralized solutions.